Study of English

March 29, 2008

Court didn’t recognize ‘order’ to commit suicide / The Yomiuri Newspaper, Tokyo, Japan

Filed under: Japan,WW2 — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 11:41 am
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Court didn’t recognize ‘order’ to commit suicide
The Yomiuri Shimbun

Were mass suicides by civilians during the Battle of Okinawa ordered by the Imperial Japanese Army? Friday’s Osaka District Court ruling on this issue has attracted public attention, as has the government’s screening of high school history textbooks describing the Battle of Okinawa.

An army veteran and a brother of a deceased veteran filed the damages suit with the court against Nobel Prize-winning writer Kenzaburo Oe and Iwanami Shoten Publishers. They claimed “false” descriptions stating that the army ordered the civilians to commit suicide en masse during the Battle of Okinawa were defamatory and asked the defendants to pay compensation.

But, recognizing the “deep involvement” of the Imperial Japanese Army in the mass suicides, the ruling rejected the plaintiffs’ claim.

At the same time, the court said it was reluctant to recognize that the army’s involvement went as far as issuing orders as described in Oe’s book and ultimately avoided passing judgment on the “order” issue.

Last year, in the high school history textbook screening case, a passage stating that citizens “were forced by the Japanese army into committing the mass suicides” was amended to say they “were driven to commit mass suicides using hand grenades and other means distributed to them with the involvement of the Japanese army.”

Panel’s stance appropriate

The opinion formed by an advisory panel to the education minister as part of the textbook authorization process was that as it was not entirely clear whether the army had “forced” the suicides to take place, a judgmental description should be avoided.

The panel’s position not to permit use of phrases such as “the Japanese army forced mass suicides” as long as there is no clear historical evidence seems an appropriate one.

With regard to the mass suicides on Tokashikijima and Zamamijima islands in Okinawa Prefecture, for much of the postwar period it has been generally accepted that garrison commanders “ordered” residents to do this. The view is based on accounts given by survivors and local residents, some of which were recounted in the book “Tetsu no Bofu” (The Typhoon of Steel), a record of the Battle of Okinawa published in 1950 by The Okinawa Times.

But when writer Ayako Sono researched the mass suicides on Tokashikijima island for a book written in 1973, the paucity of evidence supporting the explanation that garrison commanders issued such orders became clear.

Account cut from history book

Taking this new position into account, a passage regarding the garrison commanders’ suicide order on Tokashikijima was expunged in 1986 from the book “Taiheiyo Senso” (Pacific War) by historian Saburo Ienaga, originally published by Iwanami Shoten.

Also with relation to Zamamijima, in 1985 The Kobe Shimbun reported assertions by a former garrison commander that no such order for local residents to commit suicide was issued. A book was also published in 2000 that included testimony from a woman who said a garrison commander refused to hand over ammunition for her to commit suicide.

At the same time, there is also testimony stating that the Japanese army did distribute hand grenades to residents for that purpose.

However, there has been no discussion to date denying the “involvement” of the army itself with relation to the mass suicides.

The core point in the trial has been whether the army issued a specific “order.”

The plaintiffs intend to appeal the ruling to a higher court. We will keep a close eye on developments in that court.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, March 29, 2008)

(Mar. 29, 2008)


March 22, 2008

Photographic Evidence of Genocide at Tibet

Filed under: China,Tibet — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 11:06 am
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Photographic evidence of the bloody crackdown on peaceful protesting Tibetan at Ngaba County, Sichuan Province, on 16 March 2008


March 20, 2008

A Japanese manga about Tibet. The truth about Tibet.

Filed under: China,Tibet — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 4:30 pm
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A Japanese manga about Tibet. The truth about Tibet.

“Syura to Jihi” By GOUDA, Yoshiie. (English version)

The story is based on the report of the International Bar Association.

↓Original Japanese version.

March 18, 2008

Mass abductions in midnight raids by Chinese security forces in Lhasa, Tibet.

Filed under: China,Tibet — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 7:40 am
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March 2008 [For Immediate Release]

Mass abductions in midnight raids by Chinese security forces in Lhasa

Hundreds of Tibetans are arbitrarily arrested in the ongoing house-by-house raid by Chinese security forces in Lhasa beginning from 15 March 2008. All former political prisoners have already been rounded off and thrown into prisons by the security forces according to confirmed information received by the Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (TCHRD).

With streets filled with patrolling Chinese armed troops and tanks in Lhasa city, the security agencies comb each and every house in Lhasa and pick up all suspected Tibetans, especially youth, from their houses accompanied by severe beatings by the armed forces. In testimonies received by TCHRD, mothers and elderlies in the families helplessly plea at security forces upon seeing their sons and loved ones being beaten and dragged away.

China’s ethnic policies led to Tibet riots / Yomiuri shimbun Newspaper, Tokyo, Japan

Filed under: China,Tibet — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 6:53 am
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China’s ethnic policies led to Tibet riots
The Yomiuri Shimbun

Rioting in China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, has spread to neighboring areas.

Tibetan exiles across the world have staged protests, damaging China’s image abroad ahead of the Beijing Olympic Games to be held in August.

It is ironic that the riots occurred when the National People’s Congress, China’s parliament, is in session until Tuesday because the parliament had made social harmony, including harmony among ethnic groups, one of the main themes of the annual session.

The latest riots could be considered the product of China’s failed policy toward Tibet.

The Chinese authorities announced that 13 people were killed and 61 policemen were injured in rioting in Lhasa, while the Tibetan government-in-exile gave different figures, putting the death toll at 80 and the number of injured at 72 as of Sunday night.

The Tibetan government-in-exile called for an independent international investigation team to be sent to Tibet, a suggestion that was immediately rejected by Beijing. China apparently does not want to let the international community know the real situation in Tibet.


History of violence
There have been many clashes between the security authorities and Tibetan residents since the 14th Dalai Lama sought asylum in Dharmsala, India, in March 1959 following the Tibet rebellion.

Hu Jintao, who was reelected president during Saturday’s National People’s Congress session, oversaw an armed crackdown during the 1989 Lhasa revolt as party secretary for the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Since the mid-1990s, China’s policy toward Tibet has centered around economic and social development, symbolized by the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, which opened two years ago between Golmud in Qinghai Province and Lhasa.

The Chinese government encouraged the ethnic Han majority to migrate to the region through commercial development and other projects. As a result, Chinese became the dominant language over Tibetan and the assimilation of Tibetans into the Chinese majority has progressed in the educational and cultural fields.


Attempts to assimilate
The Tibetan government-in-exile says Han people now outnumber Tibetans in the Tibetan-inhabited areas, including the Tibet Autonomous Region, which has a total population of about 2.8 million, due to China’s migration policy.

Meanwhile, the Chinese authorities have clamped down on monks and residents who took part in antigovernment activities, sent party and military personnel to temples and forced patriotic education as part of its efforts to repress Tibetan culture.

Also, in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, which is China’s Achilles’ heel along with Tibet, the migration of Han people has been encouraged, triggering persistent resistance movements among the Uygur people.

The Dalai Lama dropped his demand for Tibetan independence in the 1990s and switched to a policy of seeking a “high level of autonomy” for Tibet.

China and the Tibetan government-in-exile have intermittently engaged in behind-the-scene dialogue.

The Chinese government should take the recent rioting as an opportunity to begin making concessions.
(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, March 18, 2008)

(Mar. 18, 2008)

March 13, 2008

“Birds of a feather flock together” China, Corea, and Sea Shepherd.

Filed under: Uncategorized — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 12:00 pm
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“Birds of a feather flock together”

China, Corea, and Sea Shepherd.

・・・・this is the nation that still denies the Rape of Nanking, that still denies enslaving Korean and Chinese women as “comfort women,”

March 10: An Anniversary To Remember / Tokyo Bombing

Filed under: Uncategorized — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 11:19 am
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March 10: An Anniversary To Remember

March 1, 2008

The hottest American in Japan now. It is not Mr. Obama.

Filed under: Japan — Sei-no-Syounagon @ 12:19 pm
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The hottest American in Japan now. It is not Mr. Obama. Of course, it is not Ms. Clinton either.
It is Mr. JERO the first American ENKA (Japanese blues) singer.
He sings typical ENKA in beautiful Japanese in hip-hop singer’s shape.
His first tune “Umi Yuki (The ocean snow)” debuted to 4th place of the charts of Japan.
He is  genuine American who was born in Pittsburgh. However, his grandmother is a  Japanese.  When he was a child, he sang ENKA to make her pleased.
He graduated from the Pittsburgh university and became a computer engineer. However, he came to Japan to accomplish the promise with the grandmother “Become a ENKA singer” five years ago.

His newie is surely shocking for Japanese. However, it alone is not a reason a lot of Japanese support him.
His song is indeed attractive for the Japanese.
And, his character is also wonderful. He is serious and is faithful and is modest and loves his family.
He is good young man of the type that the Japanese like.


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